1. Minimum Working Conditions
The Labour Code sets out the mandatory frame of terms and conditions of employment, amongst which are: minimum wages and minimum travel allowances, maximum working hours, termination, resignation, minimum holiday, transfer to different work and relocation, minimum severance pay, minimum continuous rest between two shifts and uninterrupted rest during the week etc.
Salary represents a monetary payment and monetary value payment (salary in kind) provided by an employer to an employee for work in business sector. Public Sector Pay represents a monetary payment provided for work to an employee by an employer consisting in:
- the State;
- a territorial self-governing unit (local government);
- State fund;
- a contributory organization whose costs of public sector pay and remuneration for being on call are fully secured from a contribution to operation provided from the founder’s budget or from payments pursuant to the special legal regulations; or
- a legal person with educational functions founded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, or by a region, municipality or voluntary association of municipalities pursuant to the Schools Act; except for a pecuniary performance provided to citizens of foreign countries with the place of performance of work outside the territory of the Czech Republic.
Salary or public sector pay is payable after the performance of work, not later than in the calendar month following after the month in which the employee incurred the right to salary.
3. Maximum Working Week
The duration of the full-time weekly working hours is, for employees:
- working underground in mining for coal, ores and industrial minerals, in mining construction and at mining workplaces of geological prospecting, 37.5 hours per week;
- with a three-shift and continuous work regime, 37.5 hours per week;
- with a two-shift work regime, 38.75 hours per week.
The average weekly working time cannot exceed 48 hours, inclusive overtime. The average weekly working time must be calculated over a period of 26 consecutive weeks at the most; only a collective agreement may specify such period to be 52 consecutive weeks at the most.
Overtime work may be performed only exceptionally and limitations are regulated by the Labour Code and ordinarily also by the corporate collective agreements. Overtime work ordered to an employee may not exceed 8 hours in an individual week and 150 hours in a calendar year.
Employees are entitled to annual holidays. The Labour Code establishes that the minimum length of annual holidays is 4 weeks per calendar year and, for public sector employees, minimum is 5 weeks per calendar year.
There are yearly approximately 12 days of public holidays, 7 of which are bank holidays (national days) and 5 are other important days such as Easter Monday, Christmas Eve etc.
6. Employer’s Obligation to Provide a Healthy and Safe Workplace
The employer is obliged to ensure that the person applying for employment at the employer undergoes an initial medical examination prior to concluding the employment contract.
Employers are obliged to provide for employee training in legal and other regulations on securing occupational health and safety protection to supplement their professional qualifications and requirements for the performance of their work in respect of the risks that the employees may encounter at the workplace.