A Labour Chapter is introduced, very similar to Chapter 19 of the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), where the parties are obliged to apply the principles of the International Labour Organization (ILO); these are binding rules of the Treaty and mechanisms are established for their observance and compliance.
Luisa Maria Alcalde, who will be the Minister of Labour during next Administration announced that she will propose a minimum daily wage of MXP $102.00 (USD $5.30 approx.) for 2019. In this way, the increase will be MXP $13.60 (around USD $0.70)
On July 1, 2018, Mexico had federal and local elections for several political positions, including the President, State Governors, Majors, among others. Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), candidate of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) won the Presidential election with 53% of the votes. For the first time in modern history, Mexico will be governed by a leftist President. Morena, which ideology is based on social equality and egalitarianism, also won the majority of both Chambers of the Congress
On June 22, 2018, it was published in the Official Gazette the Decree through which the Federal Law on the Declaration of Absence of Missing Persons is issued, and several provisions of the Mexican Labour Law and the Social Security Law are amended. Besides establishing the federal procedure for the issuance of the Special Declaration of Absence, the Law has as purpose acknowledging, protecting and guaranteeing the legal capacity of the Missing Person, providing legal certainty to the representation of her/his interests and granting appropriate measures to ensure the amplest protection to her/his relatives
An Executive Order was published in the Official Gazette according to which, on April 24, 2018, Mexico’s Senate approved the ‘Integral and Progressist Trans-Pacific Partnership’ (TPP-11).
Mexico (May. 2018): The General Secretary of the Workers Confederation of Mexico (CTM), Carlos Aceves del Olmo, declared that the National Commission on Minimum Wages (CONASAMI) will meet by the end of this month to set the increase that was pending to level such kind of incomes. He expects the news to be announced in June 1. The Congress of Labour (CT) requested the increase to reach Mx $ 110 pesos per day, however, part of the private sector proposes to set it at Mx $ 98 pesos and the other maintains some reserve because it considers that the adjustment is inflationary.
Mexico (May. 2018): The Federal Conciliation and Arbitration Labour Board condemned the Miner’s Union to the payment of US $55 million dollars to thousands of workers who rendered services for ‘Minera Cananea’. After seven years of trial, the Federal Labour Board resolved the claims filed by several groups of workers who alleged that the resources deposited in their favour by ‘Grupo Mexico’ in a trust were never delivered to them. The Miner’s Union may still file an Appeal Proceeding (Juicio de Amparo) so that a Federal Collegiate Court reviews the case. Napoleon Gomez Urrutia, ex leader of the Miner’s Union (currently the Union’s President), is running for the Senate in the ticket of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, from ‘Morena’, the survey’s leading candidate for Mexico’s Presidential Elections of next July 1st. If Lopez Obrador wins the Presidential Elections and Gomez Urrutia is back in Mexico as Senator, a more active union landscape will be created across the country.
The Ministry of Economics is pleased with the Senate’s approval of the Integral and Progressist Treaty of the Trans-Pacific Association (‘TPP-11’). The new treaty will become effective within 60 days following the approval and notification of either 6 or 50 percent of the signatory countries. According to the Ministry, TPP-11’s approval will strengthen Mexico’s commercial leadership across the globe.
The secondary law on labor matters, aimed to implement the constitutional reform published in the Official Gazette on February 24, 2017, is still pending for the Senate’s discussion and approval. On the other hand, within the context of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)’s renegotiations, the United States of America and Canada have severely criticized Mexico due to its low salaries, the existence of ‘non-active CBAs’ or ‘drawer contracts’, the lack of a real union representation and the absence of independent labor justice, all wrongful trade practices that have refrained the labor reform. According to the President of the Senate’s Labor and Social Security Commission, an extraordinary session period is expected to have place between July and August 2018 for the labor law to be approved, and the replacement of Conciliation and Arbitration Labor Boards by labor courts will be gradual.
On March 8, in Santiago de Chile, Australia, Brunei-Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Mexico executed again the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) after the United States withdrew from it.