Mexico (December. 2018): UPDATE Regarding the USMCA, the Commercial Agreement Between the United States, Mexico and Canada.
The USMCA seeks to obligate the parties to enact legislation to comply with labour practices that guarantee the enforcement of the fundamental principles and rights at work, of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Mexico has enacted substantial changes in its Federal Constitution to reinforce freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, as well as drastic changes to the labour justice system substituting the current Labour Conciliation Boards by Labour Courts dependent to the judicial branch.
The new administration is about to introduce a bill to reform the Mexican Labour Code, reforms which will enforce the new constitutional reforms, and the implementation of ILO’s Convention 98 on freedom of association and collective bargaining, Convention that has been recently ratified by the Mexican Senate. This new legislation is also in line with the commitments that Mexico undertook in Annex 23-A of the USMCA.