The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation has not allowed to pay a maternity allowance to the daughter of an entrepreneur. The Resolution of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation as of 10.05.2017 No. 302-?G17-3832 denied the entrepreneur’s reimbursement for the payment of maternity benefits to his employee. As it turned out in the course of the case, the entrepreneur recruited his pregnant daughter. He paid the allowance and applied to the Social Security Fund of Russia (the FSS) for reimbursement of the expended funds. But the Fund refused to pay, pointing to the creation of an artificial situation with the payment of benefits, because the new female worker was in family relations. The entrepreneur explained that he had hired his daughter in connection with an increase in the workload. But the Supreme Court noted that the entrepreneur had recruited only one employee; in addition, she did not have sufficient experience to perform the work.