During the first round of negotiations of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada delivered a text based on the need to comply with the 8 Fundamental Conventions of the International Labor Organization (ILO), considering this the best way to have stable and open labor markets.
The 8 Fundamental ILO Conventions address topics such as the freedom of association and protection of the right to organize (No. 87); the right to organize and collective bargaining (No. 98); the abolition of forced labor (No. 105); the minimum age for work (No. 138); the worst forms of child labor (No. 182); equal remuneration (No. 100); and discrimination (employment and occupation) (No. 111).
Canada ratified ILO Convention No. 98 on June 14, 2017, which will enter into force for that country the following year, and by doing so it completed the list of 8 Fundamental Conventions.
Mexico has ratified 7 of the 8 Fundamental ILO Conventions and is likely to also ratify Convention No. 98, still pending.
As part of the second round of the NAFTA negotiations, on Monday, September 4, 2017 Mexico’s Minister of Labor met with the labor working team.
The United States has also included the labor topic in its agenda.
Companies with operations in Mexico must be prepared for a significant change in the way to conduct labor relations for a transition to a more independent and fair collective bargaining system.