With the Disability Law in force, the obligations of private establishments will now specifically include:
(a) the framing, publication and registration of the equal opportunity policy on their website and need to registered with the relevant authorities under the Disability Law;
(b) the modification of internal policies with reference to recruitment practices being aligned with the equal opportunity policy;
(c) the appointment of a Liaison Officer (only for establishments having twenty (20) or more employees); and
(d) compliance with the standards of accessibility. With specific regard to physical environment, private establishments are required to adhere to the Harmonized Guidelines and Space Standards for Barrier Free Built Environment for Persons with Disability and Elderly Persons, issued by the Ministry of Urban Development in February, 2016.
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (the “Act”) also provides a list of twenty-one specified disabilities, which, if present in any individual degree greater than forty per cent, will be categorized as a ‘benchmark disability’. Persons with such benchmark disabilities are entitled to additional benefits under the Disability Law. Further, the Act also identifies a separate category of persons with benchmark disabilities requiring high support needs such as physical, psychological and intensive support, and confers additional benefits upon them.