Brief Description of Employees’ and Employers’ Associations
A union is defined under the law as “the association of workers or employers for the study, advancement, and defence of their respective interests.” It follows from this definition that labour unions may not include both workers and management members.
Rights and Importance of Trade Unions
Trade unions are a substantial and important sector in the political organisation of Mexico. The unions have become a very strong force within the official political party (the ‘Institutional Revolutionary Party’ or ‘PRI’) and within the Mexican Congress. They strongly influence the Mexican Congress and have introduced and supported most of the social legislation. Trade unions in Mexico have representatives on all the bodies responsible for the election of members of state and the federal labour boards.
Employees’ Representation in Management
In Mexico, workers have no representation in the company’s management.
Other Types of Employee Representative Bodies
Employees also have the right to designate representatives to be part of mixed commissions (safety and health, profit-sharing, training, productivity and development, and the like), for which they need not be unionised. Meetings of workers for these purposes are, strictly speaking, temporary accords for the protection of their mutual interests—that is, coalitions.