1. Types of Representations
The Workers’ Statute grants to all the employees the right to form or become members of unions as well as the right to perform union-related activities.
The work councils (“Rappresentanze Sindacali Aziendali” (RSA) and “Rappresentanze Sindacali Unitarie” (RSU)) may be formed through the initiative of the employees in every plant with more than 15 workers within the Trade Union’s associations that have signed the collective agreement applied in the company.
2. Number of Representatives
There is no limit to the number of representatives for the RSA. In the case of an RSU presence, each union will depend on the number of the employees which are employed by the company.
3. Appointment of Representatives
The terms and conditions of the nomination of the representatives are different for RSA and RSU. RSA representatives are nominated directly by the employees who participate in Union representations. On the other hand, RSU representatives are nominated upon the initiative of the Union’s representations.
4. Tasks and Obligations of Representatives
The representatives are entitled to carry out any typical unionization activity, such as distributing propaganda and promotion of the unions.
5. Employees Representation in Management
Italian law does not contain any specific provisions allowing the employees and /or their representatives to participate in the management of the company.