New legislation regarding unfair dismissal of contractual employees is urgently required in the public sector – On 1 April 2014, collective bargaining agreement n° 109 (hereinafter referred to as ‘CBA n°109’) regarding the motivation of a dismissal entered into force. Since then, all employees in the private sector can ask their employer to motivate their dismissal. Proper sanctions are foreseen when an employer would ignore such request or when the dismissal would be found manifestly unreasonable by a Labour Court. For the contractual employees in the public sector, no such regulation was adopted and the old regime – where only blue collar workers were statutorily protected against unfair dismissal and white collar workers had to invoke the theory of abuse of rights to obtain compensation when they were fired unfairly – remained. Recently however, the Constitutional Court ruled that the situation in the public sector is no longer tenable and the legislator should urgently work out a similar regulation as in the private sector. For the time being, Labour Courts that are confronted with an unfair dismissal in the public sector are ordered to be inspired by CBA n°109 when rendering their judgements.