1. Can the employer restrict the employee’s use of Internet and social media during working hours?
The employer is entitled to forbid or restrict the employee’s use of internet and social media based on the employer’s general right to direct work. The employer may as well technically block certain websites in order to prevent the employees from using them during working hours. The employer may not, however, violate the employee’s right to privacy by monitoring the employee’s browsing history for example.
2. Employee’s use of social media to disparage the employer or divulge confidential information
The use of social media can cause problematic issues affecting the employment relationship due to the general obligation of loyalty. For example, if the employee shares confidential information on Facebook inflicting the employer’s business, the employer might have a lawful reason to terminate the employment contract. Such termination must, however, always comply with the requirement of proper and weighty reasons as stipulated in the Employment Contracts Act.