The Communist Party of China (CPC) announced, after its Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, that China will allow all couples to have two children, abandoning its decades-long one-child policy. We are expecting a new PRC Population and Family Planning Law and looking forward to new rules on maternity leave. Currently, expectant mothers are only entitled to 98 days of maternity leave for their second child, and special additional leave for late maternity, which, though sometimes provided by local governments, do not apply second births. There could be an overhaul on the maternity leave regime following a new PRC Population and Family Planning Law, which may create new challenges in labor management, especially for female employees.
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